200分 介绍乌兹别克斯坦5个旅游景点..要英文的

时间:2021-01-15 17:06       来源: 未知

楼主您好,很高兴为您解决问题。 国名:乌兹别克斯坦共和国 (The Republic of Uzbekistan) 独立日:9月e68a8462616964757a686964616f313332386437301日(1991年) 国旗:呈横长方形,长与宽之比为2∶1。自上而下分别为浅蓝、白、浅绿三色平行宽带,在白色和浅蓝、浅绿色宽带之间为两道红色细条。在浅蓝色宽带左侧有一弯白色新月和12颗白色五角星。乌兹别克斯坦于1924年成为原苏联的一个加盟共和国,1952年起采用的国旗与原苏联国旗相似,只是旗面中间有一道蓝色宽条,其上下各有一白色窄条。1991年8月31日通过了乌兹别克斯坦国家独立法,10月11日开始启用上述国旗。 国徽:呈圆形。圆面上有一只展翅的吉祥鸟,背景是冉冉升起的太阳和碧绿的原野。圆面上端为一颗八角星。星内绘有一弯新月和一颗五角星。圆周两侧为国旗颜色之饰带捆束的棉桃和麦穗。 自然地理:乌兹别克斯坦是中亚中部的内陆国家,西北濒临咸海,与哈萨克斯坦、吉尔吉斯斯坦、塔吉克斯坦、土库曼斯坦和阿富汗毗邻。总面积为44.74万平方公里。全境地势东高西低。平原低地占全部面积的80%,大部分位于西北部的克孜勒库姆沙漠。东部和南部属天山山系和吉萨尔-阿赖山系的西缘,内有著名的费尔干纳盆地和泽拉夫尚盆地。境内有自然资源极其丰富的肥沃谷地。主要河流有阿姆河、锡尔河和泽拉夫尚河。属严重干旱的大陆性气候。夏季漫长、炎热,7月平均气温为26~32℃,南部白天气温经常高达40℃;冬季短促、寒冷,1月平均气温为-6~-3℃,北部绝对最低气温为-38℃。年均降水量平原低地为80~200毫米,山区为1000毫米,大部分集中在冬春两季。地理位置优越,处于连结东西方和南北方的中欧中亚交通要冲的十字路口,古代曾是重要的商队之路的汇合点,是对外联系和各种文化相互交流的活跃之地。乌兹别克斯坦是著名的“丝绸之路”古国,历史上与中国通过“丝绸之路”有着悠久的联系。 首都:塔什干 (Tashkent) 是中亚地区最大的城市,有人口250万(2002年)。1月平均气温-1.1℃,7月平均气温27.5℃。 行政区划:全国分为1个自治共和国(卡拉卡尔帕克斯坦自治共和国)、1个直辖市(塔什干)和12个州:安集延州、布哈拉州、吉扎克州、卡什卡达里亚州、纳沃伊州、纳曼干州、撒马尔罕州、苏尔汉河州、锡尔河州、塔什干州、费尔干纳州、花拉子模州。 “东方罗马”撒马尔罕见闻 人口:乌兹别克斯坦是中亚人口最多的国家,也是一个有着悠久历史的多民族国家。有人口2511.58万(2002年)。有129个民族,乌兹别克族占(78.8%)、俄罗斯族占(4.4%)、塔吉克族占(4.9%)、哈萨克族占(3.9%)、鞑靼族占(1.1%)、卡拉卡尔帕克族占(2.2%)、吉尔吉斯族占1%、朝鲜族占0.7%。其它民族还有乌克兰、土库曼和白俄罗斯族等。居民大多信奉伊斯兰教,属逊尼派。官方语言为乌兹别克语(属阿尔泰语系突厥语族),俄语为通用语。主要宗教为伊斯兰教,属逊尼派,其次为东正教。国民受教育程度较高。 简史:公元11—12世纪形成乌兹别克部族。13—15世纪受蒙古鞑靼人帖木儿王朝统治。15世纪时建立了昔班尼王麾下的乌兹别克国。19世纪60—70年代,乌兹别克部分领土并入俄国。1917年11月建立苏维埃政权,1924年10月27日成立乌兹别克苏维埃社会主义共和国并加入苏联。1991年8月31日宣布独立,改国名为乌兹别克斯坦共和国。 对不起楼主,我知道的的就这一些了,真的很抱歉

ABOUT UZBEKISTANThe Republic of Uzbekistan declared September 1, 1991 the Day of Independence. The new country appeared on world map and its priorities were to establish a free democratic society and to develop a market economy. The Republic has been recognized by more than 165 countries and diplomatic relations have been established with more than 120. The embassies of more than 40 countries and many authorized international non-governmental agencies have set up their offices in Tashkent. The embassies of Uzbekistan operate in 25 countries of the world and its consulates 10 countries. The country joined the UN in March 1992. Since the first days of independence the government of the country has found the way to meet the interests of the Uzbek nation and provide social, political and economic stability. At present trade-economic links have been established with more than 140 countries. More than 3800 joint ventures operate in the Republic and the total volume of exported goods has increased 1,5 times. Support to on-going reforms in the economic and social spheres is provided by the international financial structures. Uzbekistan is developing its co-operation with well-known international organizations such as the EU, OSCE, NATO and is strengthening mutually beneficial bilateral relations with many countries of Europe, America, Asia, Africa, and the countries of the CIS. Country name: conventional long form: Republic of Uzbekistanconventional short form: Uzbekistanlocal long form: O'zbekiston Respublikasilocal short form: O'zbekistonGovernment type: republic Capital: Tashkent (Toshkent) Administrative divisions: 12 provinces (viloyatlar, singular - viloyat), 1 autonomous republic* (respublika), and 1 city** (shahar); Andijon Viloyati, Buxoro Viloyati, Farg'ona Viloyati, Jizzax Viloyati, Namangan Viloyati, Navoiy Viloyati, Qashqadaryo Viloyati (Qarshi), Qaraqalpog'iston Respublikasi* (Nukus), Samarqand Viloyati, Sirdaryo Viloyati (Guliston), Surxondaryo Viloyati (Termiz), Toshkent Shahri**, Toshkent Viloyati, Xorazm Viloyati (Urganch)Independence: 1 September 1991 National holiday: Independence Day, 1 September (1991) Constitution: new constitution adopted 8 December 1992 Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal How to travel to UzbekistanThe most convenient way to travel to Uzbekistan is by taking flight to Tashkent, the capital, from main international airports of Europe, Asia and Middle East. The national airline is Uzbekistan Airways (HY), which significantly expanded its routes since independence of Uzbekistan, offers regular flights to London, Birmingham, Amsterdam, Athens, Frankfurt am Main, Paris, Peking, Bangkok, Dhaka, Delhi, Istanbul, Kuala Lumpur, New York, Seoul, and Tel Aviv. Further, HY offers flights to many destinations within the CIS and Uzbekistan. In addition, Tashkent is also served by several international carriers: Lufthansa (Frankfurt/M and Almaty), Pakistan International Airways (Islamabad), Air India (Delhi), Turkish Airlines (Istanbul), Shinjiang Airways (Urumchi in China) and Arianna (Kabul). Accomodations:During the past few years, luxurious hotels were built in Tashkent, Samarkand and Bukhara, which are managed by western hotel operators. In addition, there are a number of licensed independent hotels and B&B's that provide suitable accommodation at much lower price. It is necessary for visitors to obtain a registration during the stay in Uzbekistan, which is usually provided by the hotel that you will stay. Most tourist hotel rooms have a shower, private bath, air conditioning, telephone, satellite TV with international channels like CNN, BBC, ESPN. Weather:Uzbekistan has an extreme continental climate. It is generally warmest in the south and coldest in the north. Temperatures in December average -8癈 (18癋636f70793231313335323631343130323136353331333238643731) in the north and 0癈 (32 癋) in the south. However, extreme fluctuations can take temperatures as low as -35癈 (-31癋). During the summer temperatures can reach 45癈 (113癋) and above. Humidity is low. Spring (April to June) and Fall (September through October) are in general the most pleasant times to travel. The weather is mild and in April the desert blooms briefly. In Fall it's harvest time, and the markets are full of fresh fruit. If you're interested in trekking, then summer (July and August) is the best time, because summers are almost dry. In recent years Uzbekistan was notably affected by the global warming and dry-out of the Aral See, which turned snowy cold winters to mild with less precipitation by allowing to travel in the wintertime.

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